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J Immunol. 2006 Dec 1;177(11):7551-8.

Macrophages and myeloid dendritic cells, but not plasmacytoid dendritic cells, produce IL-10 in response to MyD88- and TRIF-dependent TLR signals, and TLR-independent signals.

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  • 1Division of Immunoregulation, National Institute for Medical Research, The Ridgeway, London NW7 1AA, United Kingdom.

Abstract

We have previously reported that mouse plasmacytoid dendritic cells (DC) produce high levels of IL-12p70, whereas bone marrow-derived myeloid DC and splenic DC produce substantially lower levels of this cytokine when activated with the TLR-9 ligand CpG. We now show that in response to CpG stimulation, high levels of IL-10 are secreted by macrophages, intermediate levels by myeloid DC, but no detectable IL-10 is secreted by plasmacytoid DC. MyD88-dependent TLR signals (TLR4, 7, 9 ligation), Toll/IL-1 receptor domain-containing adaptor-dependent TLR signals (TLR3, 4 ligation) as well as non-TLR signals (CD40 ligation) induced macrophages and myeloid DC to produce IL-10 in addition to proinflammatory cytokines. IL-12p70 expression in response to CpG was suppressed by endogenous IL-10 in macrophages, in myeloid DC, and to an even greater extent in splenic CD8alpha(-) and CD8alpha(+) DC. Although plasmacytoid DC did not produce IL-10 upon stimulation, addition of this cytokine exogenously suppressed their production of IL-12, TNF, and IFN-alpha, showing trans but not autocrine regulation of these cytokines by IL-10 in plasmacytoid DC.

PMID:
17114424
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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