Send to

Choose Destination
Curr Biol. 2006 Nov 21;16(22):2239-44.

CK2 controls the recruitment of Wnt regulators to target genes in vivo.

Author information

Regulatory Biology Laboratory, The Salk Institute, 10010 N. Torrey Pines Road, La Jolla, California 92037, USA.


Nuclear beta-catenin is a transcriptional coactivator of LEF-1/TCF DNA-binding proteins in the Wnt/Wg signaling pathway. Casein Kinase 2 (CK2), a positive regulator of Wnt signaling, is present in beta-catenin complexes and activated in Wnt-signaling cells. We show here that CK2 enhances beta-catenin:LEF-1 transactivation in vivo and in vitro and that beta-catenin and CK2 cycle on and off the DNA in an alternating manner with the TLE1 corepressor at Wnt target genes. Interestingly, CK2 phosphorylates hLEF-1 directly and stimulates binding and transactivation of beta-catenin:LEF-1 complexes on chromatin templates in vitro. In vitro, CK2 phosphorylation of hLEF-1 strongly enhances its affinity for beta-catenin and reduces its affinity for TLE1. MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry (MS) identified two CK2 phosphorylation sites (S42, S61) within the amino terminus of hLEF-1, and mutation of these sites reduced binding to beta-catenin in vitro and transactivation in vivo. Remarkably, treatment of cells with TBB, a pharmaceutical inhibitor of CK2, blocked the recruitment and cycling of beta-catenin and TLE1 at Wnt target genes in vivo. Taken together, these data indicate that CK2 is required for the assembly and cycling of Wnt-enhancer complexes in vivo.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center