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Resuscitation. 2007 Jan;72(1):59-65. Epub 2006 Nov 17.

Outcomes from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in Detroit.

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Department of Emergency Medicine, Sinai-Grace Hospital, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA.



To determine the out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survival rate, and prevalence of modifiable factors associated with survival, in Detroit, Michigan, over a 6-month period of time in 2002.


A retrospective review of all out-of-hospital cardiac arrests responded to by the Detroit Fire Department, Division of Emergency Medical Services. All elements of the EMS runsheet were transcribed to a database for analysis. Patient hospital records were reviewed to determine survival to hospital admission. All survivors to hospital admission were surveyed later in the Michigan Department of Vital Records death registry search.


During this study timeframe, there were 538 confirmed out-of-hospital cardiac arrests within the City of Detroit, of which 67 were excluded for being dead on scene [51 (12.5%)] or having no available hospital records [16 (3.0%)]. Of the remaining 471 patients, 443 (94.1%) died before hospital admission. Only 44 (9.9%) of the 471 patients had a first recorded rhythm of ventricular fibrillation (VF), and 339 (76.5%) were asystolic. Of the 28 patients who survived to hospital admission, only 2 (7.1%) were noted to have a first rhythm of VF, and 15 (53.6%) were asystolic. Only one patient survived to hospital discharge.


In this urban setting, out-of-hospital cardiac arrest is an almost uniformly fatal event.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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