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Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2006 Dec;28(6):578-81. Epub 2006 Nov 16.

Occurrence of plasmidic AmpC type beta-lactamase-mediated resistance in Escherichia coli: report from the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program (North America, 2004).

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1
JMI Laboratories, 345 Beaver Kreek Centre, Suite A, North Liberty, IA 52317, USA. gauri-deshpande@jmilabs.com

Abstract

Among 1429 Escherichia coli isolates collected as part of the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program (2004) from 30 North American medical centres, 65 (4.5%) were screen-positive for an extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL). Among the strains with a negative ESBL confirmatory test (n=26; clavulanic acid inhibition), a CMY-2 enzyme was detected in 13 isolates (50.0%), FOX-5 in 3 isolates (11.5%) and DHA-1 in 1 isolate (3.8%). These AmpC-producing E. coli were cephamycin (cefoxitin)-resistant but susceptible to cefepime (minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) < OR =0.12-4 mg/L). Clearly, the ESBL tests recommended by the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute identify only a fraction of E. coli with elevated beta-lactam MIC values as ESBL-producing strains; the majority of the remaining strains would be potentially responsive to some other beta-lactams, directed by accurately performed and interpreted susceptibility methods.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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