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Sex Health. 2006 Dec;3(4):287-90.

A randomised controlled trial of omega-3 fatty acid supplementation for the treatment of hypertriglyceridemia in HIV-infected males on highly active antiretroviral therapy.

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1
Department of Nutrition, The Alfred Hospital, Prahran, Victoria 3181, Australia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Hypertriglyceridaemia is a recognised metabolic abnormality in HIV-infected people, increasing in severity in people treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). An alternative treatment for hypertriglyceridaemia in non-HIV-infected populations is omega-3 fatty acid supplementation. This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of omega-3 fatty acid supplementation and placebo in lowering fasting triglyceride levels in HIV-infected patients on HAART.

METHODS:

A placebo-controlled, randomised, double-blind trial in participants on stable HAART with fasting triglycerides of >3.5 mm to 10.0 mm using 9 g of omega-3 fatty acids versus placebo (olive oil) after a 6-week lead in on dietary therapy.

RESULTS:

Eleven patients were enrolled. The mean triglyceride level for the population decreased from 5.02 mm at baseline to 4.44 mm (-11.6%) after dietary intervention and 3.37 mm (-32.9%) after the 8-week treatment period. In the omega-3 fatty acid arm of the study, triglycerides fell from 5.34 mm to 5.02 mm (-6%) after dietary intervention and to 2.30 mm (-56.9%) after the treatment period. In the placebo arm of the study, triglycerides fell from 4.77 mm to 4.05 mm (-15.1%) after dietary intervention and to 4.08 mm (-14.5%) after the treatment period. Using the random effects model, a statistically significant effect on triglycerides of omega-3 fatty acid versus placebo was found (chi(2) = 6.04, P = 0.0487). The estimated difference between groups for change in mean triglycerides over 8 weeks was -2.32 mm (95% CI -4.52, -0.12 mm).

CONCLUSIONS:

Omega-3 fatty acids are likely to be an effective treatment for hypertriglyceridaemia in HIV-infected males on HAART.

PMID:
17112442
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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