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Diabetes Metab. 2006 Nov;32(5 Pt 1):481-4.

Scleredema adultorum of Buschke: an under recognized skin complication of diabetes.

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Service de Nutrition, Maladies Métaboliques et Endocrinologie, CHU Timone, Marseille, France.


Scleredema of Buschke or scleredema diabetorum is a skin complication of diabetes with deposits of collagen and aminoglycans in the dermis. This disease characterized by thickening and hardening of the skin, is usually localized in nape, back and shoulder areas. Consequences could be a decrease in motility of the shoulders and an impairment of respiratory function. Other possible complications are sleep apnoea syndrome and monoclonal gammapathy. Type 1 or type 2 diabetes may be associated with scleredema of Buschke in more than 50% of cases. Diabetes-related risk factors are long duration of the disease, presence of microangiopathy, overweight and need of insulin. Various specific treatments proposed in the literature are poorly validated. In most severe cases, radiation therapy may be useful.

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