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Crit Care Med. 2007 Jan;35(1):199-206.

Angiopoietin-2 is increased in severe sepsis: correlation with inflammatory mediators.

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Second Department of Critical Care, Attikon University Hospital, University of Athens Medical School, 1 Rimini Street, Haidari, Athens 124 62, Greece.

Erratum in

  • Crit Care Med. 2007 Apr;35(4):1224.



Angiopoietin (Ang)-2 is an endothelium-specific growth factor, regulated by proinflammatory stimuli, that destabilizes vascular endothelium and increases vascular leakage; consequently, Ang-2 may contribute to sepsis pathophysiology. We have studied 1) serum Ang-2 levels in critically-ill patients and investigated potential relationships with inflammatory mediators and indices of disease severity and 2) the effect of sepsis-related inflammatory mediators on Ang-2 production by lung endothelium in vitro.


Prospective clinical study followed by cell culture studies.


General intensive care unit and research laboratory of a university hospital.


Human and bovine lung microvascular endothelial cells and 61 patients (32 men). Patients were grouped according to their septic stage as having: no systemic inflammatory response syndrome (n = 6), systemic inflammatory response syndrome (n = 8), sepsis (n = 16), severe sepsis (n = 18), and septic shock (n = 13).


Cells were exposed to lipopolysaccharide, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and interleukin-6.


Patients' serum Ang-2 levels were significantly increased in severe sepsis as compared with patients with no systemic inflammatory response syndrome or sepsis (p < .05 by analysis of variance). Positive linear relationships were observed with: serum tumor necrosis factor-alpha (rs = 0.654, p < .001), serum interleukin-6 (rs = 0.464, p < .001), Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II score (rs = 0.387, p < .001), and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment score (rs = 0.428, p < .001). Multiple regression analysis revealed that serum Ang-2 is mostly related to serum tumor necrosis factor-alpha and severe sepsis. Treatment of human lung microvascular endothelial cells with all mediators resulted in a concentration-dependent Ang-2 reduction. Treatment of bovine lung microvascular endothelial cells with lipopolysaccharide and tumor necrosis factor-alpha increased Ang-2 release, and interleukin-6 reduced basal Ang-2 levels.


First, patients' serum Ang-2 levels are increased during severe sepsis and associated with disease severity. The strong relationship of serum Ang-2 with serum tumor necrosis factor-alpha suggests that the latter may participate in the regulation of Ang-2 production in sepsis. Second, inflammatory mediators reduce Ang-2 release from human lung microvascular endothelial cells, implying that this vascular bed may not be the source of increased Ang-2 in human sepsis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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