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J Am Acad Dermatol. 2006 Dec;55(6):929-42; quiz 943-5.

Coccidioidomycosis: a review and update.

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  • 1Department of Dermatology and Pathology, Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, Arizona 85259, USA.


Coccidioidomycosis occurs in arid and semi-arid regions of the New World from the western United States to Argentina. Highly endemic areas are present in the southwest United States. Coccidioides species live in the soil and produce pulmonary infection via airborne arthroconidia. The skin may be involved by dissemination of the infection, or by reactive eruptions, such as a generalized exanthem or erythema nodosum. Interstitial granulomatous dermatitis and Sweet's syndrome have recently been recognized as additional reactive signs of the infection. Coccidioidomycosis is a "great imitator" with protean manifestations. Cutaneous findings may be helpful clues in the diagnosis of this increasingly important disease.

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