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Vet Immunol Immunopathol. 2007 Jan 15;115(1-2):126-34. Epub 2006 Oct 12.

Production and characterization of two serotype independent monoclonal antibodies against foot-and-mouth disease virus.

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National Centre for Foreign Animal Disease, 1015 Arlington Street, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada R3E 3M4.


Two foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) were produced from mice immunized with either FMDV serotype A, subunit (12S) or FMDV serotype O, whole virus (140S). Both mAbs (F1412SA and F21140SO) recognized all seven serotypes of FMDV in a double antibody sandwich (DAS) ELISA, suggesting that the binding epitopes of the two mAbs are conserved between serotypes. These mAbs are IgG1 isotype and contain kappa light chains. In order to define the mAb binding epitopes, the reactivity of these mAbs against trypsin-treated and denatured FMDV were examined using an indirect ELISA. The binding site of the mAb, F1412SA is trypsin sensitive and the epitope is linear. Both ELISA and Western blot results suggested that the polypeptide VP2 contributed to the immunodominant site. This mAb showed reactivity to VP2 peptide (DKKTEETTILEDRIL). The mAb, F21140SO, recognized an epitope which is trypsin resistant and discontinuous. This mAb binding to FMDV is dependent on conformational structures of intact viral (140S) or subunit (12S) particle, since it failed to recognize any viral protein in Western blot. This conformational and highly conserved epitope is the first identified epitope among all seven FMDV serotypes. Because the use of mAbs increases the specificity, accuracy and efficiency of diagnostic tests compared to polyclonal antisera, these two mAbs with different specificities are suitable for type-independent diagnosis of FMDV, such as DAS ELISA, or could be adapted to immuno-chromatographic or flow-through rapid test.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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