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Brain Pathol. 2006 Oct;16(4):249-55.

Adenosine A2A receptors are up-regulated in Pick's disease frontal cortex.

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Departamento de Química Inorgánica, Orgánica y Bioquímica, Facultad de Químicas, Centro Regional de Investigaciones Biomédicas, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Ciudad Real, Spain.


Adenosine A2A receptors (A2AR) are highly expressed in striatum. However, they are also present in extrastriatal structures. A2AR were studied in post-mortem human frontal cortex from Pick's disease (PiD) and age-matched non-demented controls by radioligand binding assays, Western-blotting, real-time PCR and adenylyl cyclase activity determination. Saturation binding assay using [3H]ZM 241385, a selective A2A antagonist, as radioligand revealed a significant increase in total adenosine A2AR numbers (Bmax) in frontal cortex from PiD samples (191% of control Bmax), suggesting up-regulation of this receptor. A significant increase in the level of A2AR was also detected by Western-blotting. Furthermore, expression of mRNA coding A2AR determined by quantitative real-time PCR was enhanced. In agreement, stimulation of adenylyl cyclase by CGS 21680, a selective A2A receptor agonist, was significantly strengthened. Up-regulation of A2B receptors and their corresponding mRNA was also observed. These results show that A2A adenosine receptor/adenylyl cyclase transduction pathway is up-regulated and sensitized in frontal cortex brain from PiD.

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