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Langmuir. 2006 Nov 21;22(24):9919-27.

Control of the internal structure of MLO-based isasomes by the addition of diglycerol monooleate and soybean phosphatidylcholine.

Author information

1
Institute of Chemistry, University of Graz, A-8010 Graz, Austria, and Nestlé Research Center, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Abstract

This work describes the effect of two different surfactants on the internal nanostructure of the kinetically stabilized isasomes (internally self-assembled particles or "somes"), which are a new family of colloidal particles (cubosomes, hexosomes, micellar cubosomes, and emulsified microemulsions, EME). The stabilization of these systems is performed by using the polymeric stabilizer F127. We demonstrate that the internal structure of these oil-free and oil-loaded dispersed particles can be modulated by varying the lipid composition. To achieve this goal, we replaced part of our primary lipid monolinolein (MLO) with diglycerol monooleate (DGMO) or soybean phosphatidylcholine (PC). We found that DGMO has a counter effect to that of tetradecane (TC) and allows us to tune back the self-assembled nanostructure in the TC-loaded dispersions from H2 (hexosomes) to Im3m (cubosomes). Although TC has a higher impact on confined structures than does DGMO, we demonstrate that the addition of DGMO significantly affects the internal structure of the TC-solubilized dispersions and favors the formation of large water channels. PC can also be used to modify the internal structure for MLO-based systems. It is somehow different from DGMO due to the fact that the fully hydrated Pn3m cubic structure in the presence of PC for the TC-free dispersion is preserved after dispersing. The results also indicate that PC is less effective than DGMO for tuning back the TC-loaded internal structure from H2 to cubic phase, in which it makes the confined structure less ordered. In addition, we found that DGMO has a significant effect on the internal structure of isasomes. It increases the water solubilization capacity for dispersed and nondispersed bulk phases. In contrast to the MLO-based dispersions, the present results indicate that F127 plays an important role in the internal structure of these dispersions due to its penetration into the oil-free cubic phase changing the symmetry from Pn3m to Im3m.

PMID:
17106981
DOI:
10.1021/la061303v
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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