Send to

Choose Destination
Gastroenterology. 2006 Nov;131(5):1381-91. Epub 2006 Aug 16.

A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of fluticasone propionate for pediatric eosinophilic esophagitis.

Author information

Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA.



Eosinophilic esophagitis is an increasingly recognized disorder with distinctive endoscopic, histologic, and allergic features. Although several therapies are advocated, no placebo-controlled trials have been conducted. We aimed to determine the efficacy of swallowed fluticasone propionate (FP) in the treatment of eosinophilic esophagitis.


We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of swallowed FP in pediatric patients with active eosinophilic esophagitis. Thirty-six patients were randomly assigned to receive either 880 mug of FP (21 patients) or placebo (15 patients) divided twice daily for 3 months. The primary end point was histologic remission, defined by a peak eosinophil count of </=1 eosinophil in all 400x fields in both the proximal and distal esophagus.


Fifty percent of FP-treated patients achieved histologic remission compared with 9% of patients receiving placebo (P = .047). FP decreased esophageal eosinophil levels, with a more pronounced effect in nonallergic individuals (65.9 +/- 25.3 vs 1.4 +/- 1.1 eosinophils/high-power field in the proximal esophagus [P = .03] and 84.6 +/- 19.7 vs 19.6 +/- 12.9 eosinophils/high-power field in the distal esophagus [P = .04]). Resolution of vomiting occurred more frequently with FP than placebo (67% vs 27%; P = .04). FP-induced resolution of mucosal eosinophilia was associated with resolution of endoscopic findings, epithelial hyperplasia, younger age (P = .0003), shorter height (P = .002), and lighter weight (P = .02). Effective treatment with FP decreased the number of CD8(+) T lymphocytes and mast cells in both the proximal and distal esophagus (P < .05).


Swallowed FP is effective in inducing histologic remission in eosinophilic esophagitis, with a more pronounced effect in nonallergic and younger individuals, especially in the proximal esophagus.

Comment in

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center