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Oncogene. 2007 Apr 12;26(17):2491-501. Epub 2006 Nov 13.

Involvement of matrix metalloproteinase-13 in stromal-cell-derived factor 1 alpha-directed invasion of human basal cell carcinoma cells.

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Department of Dermatology, National Taiwan University Hospital and National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei, Taiwan.


Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is one of the most common skin neoplasms in humans and is usually characterized by local aggressiveness with little metastatic potential, although deep invasion, recurrence, and regional and distant metastases may occur. Here, we studied the mechanism of BCC invasion. We found that human BCC tissues and a BCC cell line had significant expression of CXCR4, which was higher in invasive than non-invasive BCC types. Further, of 19 recurrent tumors among 390 BCCs diagnosed during the past 12 years, 17/19 (89.5%) had high CXCR4 expression. We found that the CXCR4 ligand, stromal-cell-derived factor 1alpha (SDF-1alpha), directed BCC invasion and that this was mediated by time-dependent upregulation of mRNA expression and gelatinase activity of matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13). The transcriptional regulation of MMP-13 by SDF-1alpha was mediated by phosphorylation of extracellular signal-related kinase 1/2 and activation of the AP-1 component c-Jun. Finally, CXCR4-transfected BCC cells injected into nude mice induced aggressive BCCs that co-expressed CXCR4 and MMP-13. The identification of SDF-1alpha/CXCR4 as an important factor in BCC invasiveness may contribute insight into mechanisms involved in the aggressive potential of human BCC and may improve therapy for invasive BCCs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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