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Clin Adv Hematol Oncol. 2006 Oct;4(10):768-75.

Systemic mastocytosis: current classification and novel therapeutic options.

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Department of Medical Oncology/Hematologic Malignancies at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute and Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02115, USA.


Systemic mast cell disease is characterized by dysregulated mast cell growth and survival, with infiltration into multiple organs and release of systemic mediators. Much has been learned about mast cell biology over the past 20 years, and it has become apparent that activating mutations in the c-KIT receptor tyrosine kinase underlie the aberrant cell signaling and mast cell growth in a majority of patients. Despite this knowledge, targeted therapy with imatinib has been largely unsuccessful due to resistance of the common c-KIT D816V (Asp-->Val) mutation. Novel strategies designed to inhibit the growth of mast cells containing the c-KIT D816V mutations have shown success in vitro and may provide effective targeted therapy for this treatment-refractory disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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