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Am J Emerg Med. 2006 Nov;24(7):839-42.

Feasibility of short-term outpatient intravenous antibiotic therapy for the management of infectious conditions in pediatric patients.

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The University of Minnesota Medical School, Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Children's Hospitals and Clinics of Minnesota St. Paul, MN 55102, USA.



The objective of this study was to examine the feasibility of short-term outpatient peripheral intravenous (IV) antibiotic therapy for selected emergency department (ED) patients.


Retrospective analysis of pediatric ED patients presenting with infections of presumed bacterial etiology who received IV ceftriaxone and were discharged with a "capped" IV catheter and instructions to return in 24 hours for reevaluation. Outcome measures included clinical outcome at 24 hours and catheter-related complications.


Twenty-nine patients met study criteria. All returned for reevaluation. In one case, a parent removed the catheter when their child reported "numbness/soreness" at the catheter site. The other 28 patients were judged to be improved, received a second dose of ceftriaxone through the original catheter, and were discharged on oral antibiotic. No adverse events related to the catheter were identified.


Outpatient peripheral IV catheter use appears to be a feasible method for providing serial doses of parenteral antibiotic for the treatment of selected pediatric patients with infectious conditions.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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