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J Neurol Sci. 2006 Dec 21;251(1-2):118-23. Epub 2006 Nov 7.

Association between a 19 bp deletion polymorphism at the dopamine beta-hydroxylase (DBH) locus and migraine with aura.

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1
Genomics Research Centre, School of Medical Science, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.

Abstract

Migraine is a debilitating neurological disorder, affecting 12% of Caucasian populations. It is well known that migraine has a strong genetic component, although the type and number of genes involved is unclear. Our previous work has investigated dopamine related migraine candidate genes and has reported a significant allelic association with migraine of a microsatellite localised to the promoter region of the dopamine beta-hydroxylase (DBH) gene. The present study performed an association analysis in a larger population of case-controls (275 unrelated Caucasian migraineurs versus 275 controls) examining two different genetic DBH polymorphisms (a functional insertion/deletion promoter and a coding SNP A444G polymorphism). Although no significant association was found for the SNP polymorphism, the results showed a significant association between the insertion/deletion variant and disease (chi(2)=8.92, P=0.011), in particular in migraine with aura (chi(2)=11.53, P=0.003) compared to the control group. Furthermore, the analysis of this polymorphism stratified by gender, revealed that male individuals with the homozygote deletion genotype had three times the risk of developing migraine, compared to females. The DBH insertion/deletion polymorphism is in linkage disequilibrium with the previously reported migraine associated DBH microsatellite and this insertion/deletion polymorphism is functional, which may explain a potential role in susceptibility to migraine.

PMID:
17095019
DOI:
10.1016/j.jns.2006.09.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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