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Br J Educ Psychol. 2006 Dec;76(Pt 4):803-25.

Personal bests (PBs): a proposed multidimensional model and empirical analysis.

Author information

1
Faculty of Education and Social Work, University of Western Sydney, Australia. a.martin@edfac.usyd.edu.au

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This study seeks to identify the cornerstones of personal bests (PBs) in the educational setting.

AIMS:

The study proposes a multidimensional PB model in which students are most likely to attain PBs on tasks/goals that are (1) specific, (2) challenging, (3) competitively self-referenced, and (4) self-improvement based.

SAMPLE:

The study draws upon data from 1,016 students from 5 Australian high schools.

METHODS:

The hypothesized 4-factor structure, its invariance across gender and year-level, and the predictive utility of PBs are tested using confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation models with particular focus on the contribution of a higher-order PB construct to measures of persistence, class participation, educational aspirations, and enjoyment of school. The fundamental dimensions of the model are further tested using multidimensional scaling.

RESULTS:

The 4-factor structure fit the data well and significantly predicted persistence, class participation, educational aspirations, and enjoyment of school. The multidimensional scaling indicates that the 4 component factors can be defined in terms of the dual extent to which they reflect a clear goal focus and a self-improvement focus.

CONCLUSION:

Discussion centres on a proposed 'Quadriploar PB Model' emanating from the data analysis and strategies educators can use to facilitate PBs in the classroom.

PMID:
17094887
DOI:
10.1348/000709905X55389
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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