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Annu Rev Genet. 2006;40:409-48.

Interplay of circadian clocks and metabolic rhythms.

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Department of Biology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904-4328, USA.


This review examines the connections between circadian and metabolic rhythms. Examples from a wide variety of well-studied organisms are used to illustrate some of the genetic and molecular pathways linking circadian timekeeping to metabolism. The principles underlying biological timekeeping by intrinsic circadian clocks are discussed briefly. Genetic and molecular studies have unambiguously identified the importance of gene expression feedback circuits to the generation of overt circadian rhythms. This is illustrated particularly well by the results of genome-wide expression studies, which have uncovered hundreds of clock-controlled genes in cyanobacteria, fungi, plants, and animals. The potential connections between circadian oscillations in gene expression and circadian oscillations in metabolic activity are a major focus of this review.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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