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J Mol Recognit. 2007 Jan-Feb;20(1):32-8.

Detection of antigen-specific T cells on p/MHC microarrays.

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Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland, USA.


The development of high-throughput protein microarrays for rapidly determining antigen-specific T-cell receptor repertoires of diverse T-cell populations can enable comprehensive, broad-based analyses of T-cell responses. Promising applications include medical diagnostics, vaccine development, treatment of autoimmune diseases and detection of potential agents of bioterrorism. In this study, we examined the feasibility of using peptide/major histocompatibility complex (p/MHC) microarrays to selectively capture and enumerate antigen-specific T cells. Results are presented for p/MHC microarrays consisting of a dimeric MHC-immunoglobulin complex, K(b)-Ig, loaded with either a cognate or non-cognate peptide for binding CD8(+) T cells. We quantified the sensitivity of these K(b)-Ig microarrays by measuring a lower detection limit of 0.05% antigen-specific CD8(+) T cells mixed with splenocytes from C57BL/6J mouse. A fivefold increase in this lower detection limit (0.01%) was achieved using a secondary capture anti-Ig antibody to coat the microarray surface. This higher sensitivity is comparable to that obtained using standard state-of-the-art fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS) instruments. We also found that contacting the T-cell suspension with the K(b)-Ig microarrays under mild shear flow conditions produced more uniform distributions of captured T cells on the individual spots and better spot-to-spot reproducibility across the entire microarray.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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