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J Clin Oncol. 2006 Nov 10;24(32):5166-9.

Looking beyond survival: how are we looking at survivorship?

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Cancer Outcomes Research Program, Cancer Care Nova Scotia, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada.



The prevalence of cancer survivors is increasing worldwide. This creates the imperative to look beyond cancer survival to cancer survivorship. This review explores cancer survivorship from an international perspective in two ways: from a cancer control perspective through a review of cancer control strategies and from a cancer care perspective through a review of clinical practice guidelines and research on cancer follow-up care.


Many national cancer control strategies or cancer charities consider survivorship obliquely, primarily under the umbrellas of quality of life and rehabilitation. Few have well-developed policies or plans specifically directed at survivorship. Cancer follow-up care is recognized internationally as a pressing health care issue. Many countries have tested new and innovative models to deliver follow-up care. Similarly, many countries have developed guidelines that specifically address follow-up care. Few studies or guidelines address the broader, multifaceted aspects of cancer survivorship.


This review suggests that research and recognition of cancer survivorship as a unique phase of the cancer care trajectory need to be improved. In many of the poorer countries of the world, the imperative remains the basics of cancer care: timely diagnosis, access to treatment, and alleviation of suffering.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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