Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Chemosphere. 2007 Jan;66(8):1408-14. Epub 2006 Nov 7.

Predicting organic contaminant concentrations in sediment porewater using solid-phase microextraction.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory of Organic Geochemistry, Guangzhou Institute of Geochemistry, Chinese Academy of Sciences, P.O. Box 1131, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510640, China.

Abstract

Because of its cost and time saving features, solid-phase microextraction (SPME) is a leading candidate as a biomimic technique in assessing the bioavailable fraction of hydrophobic organic contaminants (HOCs) in sediment porewater. However, no predictive modeling framework in which to systematically address the effect of key parameters on SPME performance for this application exists. In this study, we derived two governing equations to predict (1) the minimum sediment volume (V(s)min) required to achieve non-depletive conditions, and (2) dissolved phase HOC porewater concentrations (C(pw)) as functions of HOC- and sediment specific characteristics in a conceptual three compartment system. The resulting model predicted that V(s)min was independent of HOC concentrations both in sediment and porewater, but did vary with hydrophobicity (characterized by logK(ow)), the fraction of sediment porewater (f(pw)), and the volume (V(f)) of the SPME sorbent phase. Moreover, the effects of these parameters were minimized (i.e., V(s)min reached plateaus) as logK(ow) approached 4-5. Model predictions of C(pw), a surrogate for SPME-based detection limits in porewater, decreased with increasing sediment volume (V(s)) at low V(s) values, but rapidly leveled off as V(s) increased. A third result suggested that the sediment HOC concentration required for SPME is completely independent of K(ow). These results suggest that relatively small sediment volumes participate in exchange equilibria among sediment, porewater and the SPME fiber, and that large sediment HOC reservoirs are not needed to improve the detection sensitivity of SPME-based porewater samplers. The ultimate utility of this modeling framework will be to assist future experimental designs and help predict in situ bioavailability of sediment-associated HOCs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center