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Indian J Pediatr. 2006 Oct;73(10):871-5.

Fulminant hepatic failure and paracetamol overuse with therapeutic intent in febrile children.

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1
Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Colombo, Sri Lanka.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the risk of fulminant hepatic failure in relation to paracetamol overuse with therapeutic intent in febrile children.

METHODS:

It was a case control study. Paracetamol ingestion for the current febrile illness was compared between 25 cases of fulminant hepatic failure and 33 hospital age matched controls.

RESULTS:

Supra-therapeutic doses of paracetamol (mean 145 mg/kg/day) were consumed by all 25 cases compared to none in the control group. Mean paracetamol level in the cases and controls were, respectively, 26.84 mg /dl and 0.051 mg /dl (p< 0.001). The mean duration of paracetamol intake prior to admission in cases was 3. 45 days compared to 1.85 days in the control group. Nineteen, 5 and 3 were, respectively, graded as hepatic encephalopathy grade 1, 2 and 3. All six patients in grade 2 and 3 had hepatomegaly compared to 78% in the grade 1. Four had jaundice and all were in grade 2 or 3. Mean alanine aminotransferase was 2781 U/L None of the randomly selected cases (6) had serological evidence of Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B or Dengue. Three cases died.

CONCLUSION:

Exposure to multiple supratherapeutic doses of paracetamol is a risk factor to develop fulminant hepatic failure in children with an acute viral like febrile illness.

PMID:
17090896
DOI:
10.1007/bf02859276
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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