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Exp Lung Res. 2006 Sep;32(8):331-47.

Up-regulation of S100A8 and S100A9 protein in bronchial epithelial cells by lipopolysaccharide.

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Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Philipps-University Marburg, Marburg, Germany.


Increased serum levels of the S100A8 (MRP-8) protein have been reported in inflammatory conditions including bacterial infection, arthritis, and cystic fibrosis (CF). This protein is expressed constitutively with S100A9 (MRP-14) in neutrophils and is regulated by inflammatory stimulants. It has been hypothesized that increased inflammatory response to persistent bacterial infection is a major feature of CF lung disease. Therefore, the authors wished to determine the involvement of these two proteins in the innate defense response of the bronchial epithelium to lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Human bronchial epithelial cells (16HBE14o-) and primary bronchial epithelial cells (NHBE) were grown at air-liquid interface (ALI) and stimulated for up to 96 hours with LPS from Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The 16HBE14o- cells responded to LPS with a 2.9-fold increase in S100A8 mRNA production after 12 hours. S100A9 mRNA production was increased by 1.8-fold after 12 hours and 2.9-fold after 24 hours. It was also found that the S100A8 and S100A9 proteins were increased in the secretions of the 16HBE14o- and NHBE cells after LPS stimulation. This finding suggests that S100A8 and S100A9 are involved in the innate defense of the bronchial epithelium.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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