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Oncol Rep. 2006 Dec;16(6):1181-7.

Inhibitory effect of a water-soluble extract from the culture medium of Ganoderma lucidum (Rei-shi) mycelia on the development of pulmonary adenocarcinoma induced by N-nitrosobis (2-hydroxypropyl) amine in Wistar rats.

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Department of Experimental Oncology, Research Institute for Radiation Biology and Medicine, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima 734-8553, Japan.


A water-soluble extract from the culture medium of Ganoderma lucidum (Rei-shi) mycelia (MAK) has been shown to exert a potent chemopreventive effect. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of dietary MAK supplementation on the development of lung tumors initiated by N-nitrosobis (2-hydroxypropyl) amine (BHP) in male Slc:Wistar rats. A total of 77 animals, 6 weeks of age, were divided into 5 groups and given BHP (2,000 ppm) in their drinking water for 10 weeks. The normal controls were not supplied with BHP. After treatment with the carcinogen, the rats were fed a normal control MF solid diet, or the same diet containing MAK (1.25%, 2.5% or 5%) for 12 weeks. Macroscopically, all the doses of MAK reduced the number of nodules, and the effect of 5% MAK was found to be especially significant. Microscopically, an increase in the number of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA)-negative tumors and a decrease in the number of tumors strongly positive for PCNA were observed in the tissue sections from the rats that had received all the doses of MAK. The present results thus indicate that dietary supplementation with MAK inhibits the development of lung tumors, suggesting that MAK may be a potent chemopreventive agent against lung carcinogenesis.

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