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Exp Parasitol. 2007 Mar;115(3):296-300. Epub 2006 Nov 7.

In vitro and in vivo interaction of synthetic peroxide RBx11160 (OZ277) with piperaquine in Plasmodium models.

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Swiss Tropical Institute, Socinstrasse 57, CH-4002 Basel, Switzerland.


RBx11160 (OZ277) is a promising antimalarial drug candidate that Ranbaxy Laboratories Limited and Medicines for Malaria Venture (MMV) are currently developing as a fixed combination with piperaquine. Here, we describe the in vitro (Plasmodium falciparum) and in vivo (Plasmodium berghei) activities of piperaquine in combination with RBx11160 and artemether. In vitro, both combinations demonstrated a slight tendency towards antagonism with mean sums of fractional inhibitory concentrations (mean Sigma FICs) of 1.5. In vivo, piperaquine and artemether were borderline antagonistic (mean Sigma FIC of 1.4). However, an additive in vivo interaction of piperaquine and RBx11160 (mean Sigma FIC of 1.1) was identified, suggesting that a RBx11160-piperaquine combination therapy in humans should allow each molecule to exert its full antimalarial effect.

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