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Suicide Life Threat Behav. 2006 Oct;36(5):539-52.

Youth suicide risk factors and attitudes in New York and Vienna: a cross-cultural comparison.

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Department of Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatry, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel, Vienna, Austria.


The prevalence of suicide risk factors and attitudes about suicide and help-seeking among New York and Viennese adolescents were compared in order to explore possible cross-cultural differences. Viennese adolescents exhibited higher rates of depressive symptomatology than their New York counterparts and had more first-hand experience with suicidal peers. More attribution of suicide to mental illness was reported in Vienna; yet Viennese youth were less likely than New York adolescents to recognize the seriousness of suicide threats. Help-seeking patterns of Viennese adolescents were influenced by their setting a high value on confidentiality. These cross-cultural differences may reflect the limited exposure of Austrian youth to school-based suicide prevention programs. The findings highlight the need of taking the sociocultural context into consideration in the planning of youth suicide prevention strategies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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