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ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec. 2007;69(1):43-50. Epub 2006 Nov 2.

Vector-mediated delivery of bcl-2 prevents degeneration of auditory hair cells and neurons after injury.

Author information

1
Department of Otolaryngology, University of Kansas, Kansas City, Kans 66160, USA. hstaecker@kumc.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To test the hypothesis that bcl-2 prevents oxidative stress-induced apoptosis of auditory sensory cells in explants of the organ of Corti and dissociated cell cultures of the spiral ganglion.

METHODS:

Organ of Corti explants and dissociated spiral ganglion cell cultures obtained from 3-day-old (P3) rats or adult spiral ganglion cell cultures from 28-day-old (P28) rats were transduced with vectors containing a human bcl-2 gene. Cultures were then exposed to neomycin, cisplatin or subjected to withdrawal of neurotrophin supplementation. Outcome measures included hair cell and neuron counts, mitochondrial membrane potential and a histological measure of apoptosis.

RESULTS:

Expression of bcl-2 in the organ of Corti explants and neuronal cell cultures provided a significant level of protection against cell death. Bcl-2 expression in the organ of Corti explants also protected mitochondria from loss of membrane potential and blocked an early step in the commitment of hair cells to apoptosis.

CONCLUSION:

Expression of bcl-2 in cochlear tissues protects sensory cells from a variety of insults that have been demonstrated to damage the inner ear.

PMID:
17085952
DOI:
10.1159/000096716
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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