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J Mol Neurosci. 2006;29(3):279-88.

NF-kappaB-associated MnSOD induction protects against beta-amyloid-induced neuronal apoptosis.

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1
Graduate Center for Toxicology, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536, USA.

Abstract

Expression of manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD), a nuclear-encoded mitochondrial primary antioxidant enzyme, is protective against various paradigms of oxidative stress-induced brain injury. We have shown previously that the presence of an intronic nuclear factor site, kappaB (NF-kappaB), in the MnSOD gene is essential for the induction of MnSOD by tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha). However, whether activation of NF-kappaB is protective against oxidative stress-induced neuronal injury is unclear. In the present study, we demonstrate that TNF-alpha activates NF-kappaB activity in neuronal, SH-SY5Y, cells and preferentially enhances the binding of p50 and p65 to the promoter/enhancer regions of the MnSOD gene. Binding of NF-kappaB members to the MnSOD gene leads to the induction of MnSOD mRNA and protein levels. Consequently, induction of MnSOD by TNF-alpha primes neuronal cells to develop resistance against subsequent exposure to beta-amyloid and FeSO(4). Taken together, these results suggest that NF-kappaB might exert its protective function by induction of MnSOD leading to subsequent protection against oxidative stress-induced neuronal injury.

PMID:
17085785
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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