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J Mol Neurosci. 2006;29(3):215-25.

Role of DJ-1 in Parkinson's disease.

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Laboratory of Neuroscience, Department of Neurology, FMRC, Rabin Medical Center, Tel Aviv University, Israel.

Erratum in

  • J Mol Neurosci. 2007 Mar;31(3):307. Roncevich, Dusan [corrected to Roncevic, Dusan].


Parkinson's disease (PD), one of the most common neurodegenerative diseases, is a multifactorial disease caused by both genetic and environmental factors. Although most patients suffering from PD have a sporadic disease, several genetic causes have been identified in recent years, including alpha-synuclein, parkin, PINK1, dardarin (LRRK2), and DJ-1. DJ-1 deletions and point mutations have been found worldwide, and loss of functional protein was shown to cause autosomal recessive PD. Moreover, DJ-1 immunoreactive inclusions are found in other alpha-synucleopathies and tauopathies, indicating that different neurodegenerative diseases might share a common mechanism in which DJ-1 might play a key role. The function of DJ-1 is still unknown; however, it is associated with various cellular processes, including response to oxidative stress, cellular transformation, RNAbinding, androgen-receptor signaling, spermatogenesis, and fertilization. This article reviews the current knowledge on DJ-1, focusing on its importance in the pathogenesis of PD.

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