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J Subst Abuse Treat. 2006 Dec;31(4):447-56. Epub 2006 Sep 7.

Substance abuse treatment for mothers: treatment outcomes and the impact of length of stay.

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Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR 72205, USA.


This article examines the treatment outcomes of 305 women enrolled in a comprehensive, residential substance abuse treatment program for pregnant and parenting women and their children. The women were assessed at intake and three times in the year after discharge. Analyses focused on change in client functioning over time, and investigating the impact of length of stay in treatment on client outcomes. Comparisons of clients' functioning before and after treatment suggest significant improvements in a number of domains, including substance use, employment, legal involvement, mental health, parenting attitudes, and risky behaviors. For most outcome domains, results suggest that longer treatment stays are associated with more positive outcomes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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