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Bioorg Med Chem. 2007 Jan 15;15(2):997-1003. Epub 2006 Oct 18.

Inhibition of free radical-mediated oxidation of cellular biomolecules by carboxylated chitooligosaccharides.

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Department of Chemistry, Pukyong National University, Busan 608-737, Republic of Korea.


The objective of this study was to identify the cellular antioxidant effects of carboxylated chitooligosaccharides (CCOS), a chemically modified derivative of chitooligosaccharides (COS), by assessing oxidation inhibition potential on cellular biomolecules such as lipids, proteins, and direct scavenging of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Radical-mediated oxidation of cell membrane lipids and proteins was dose-dependently inhibited by CCOS, assessed by amount of lipid hydroperoxides and carbonyl carbon content in mouse macrophages, RAW264.7 cells. Further, CCOS inhibited myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity in human myeloid cells (HL60) suggesting indirect possibility of inhibiting generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) such as superoxide radicals, H(2)O(2) and HOCl. Direct radical scavenging studies carried out with DCFH-DA fluorescence probe concluded that CCOS can act as a potent radical scavenger in cells.

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