Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2007 Jan 15;263(1-2):10-7. Epub 2006 Nov 2.

Overexpression of the mTOR alpha4 phosphoprotein activates protein phosphatase 2A and increases Stat1alpha binding to PIAS1.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, Faculty of Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia B3H 1X5, Canada.


Alpha4 phosphoprotein in the mTOR pathway is a prolactin (PRL)-downregulated gene product that interacts with the catalytic subunit of serine/threonine protein phosphatase 2A (PP2Ac) in rat Nb2 lymphoma cells. Transient overexpression of alpha4 in COS-1 cells inhibited PRL-inducible interferon-regulatory-1 (IRF-1) promoter activity, but the mechanism underlying this inhibition was not known. The present study showed a stable alpha4-PP2Ac complex that was not dissociated by rapamycin in COS-1 cells. Transient overexpression of alpha4 in COS-1 cells had no effect on endogenous PP2Ac protein levels but significantly increased PP2Ac carboxymethylation and PP2A activity as compared to controls. The increased PP2A activity was accompanied by decreased phosphorylation of eukaryotic initiation factor 4E-binding protein (4E-BP1) but had no effect on Stat phosphorylation. However, overexpressed alpha4 decreased arginine methylation of Stat1alpha and increased Stat1alpha binding to the Stat1alpha-specific inhibitor, PIAS1. In summary, ectopic alpha4 increased PP2A activity in COS-1 cells and this was accompanied by Stat1alpha hypomethylation and increased Stat1alpha-PIAS1 association. These events would inhibit Stat action and ultimately inhibit PRL-inducible IRF-1 promoter activity.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center