Send to

Choose Destination
J Invest Dermatol. 2007 Mar;127(3):687-97. Epub 2006 Nov 2.

Differential regulation of hyaluronan metabolism in the epidermal and dermal compartments of human skin by UVB irradiation.

Author information

Department of Dermatology, Venerology and Allergology, Leipzig University Medical Center, Leipzig, Germany.


Hyaluronan (HA), a major component of the cutaneous extracellular-matrix, is involved in tissue repair. Human skin is exposed to and damaged by UVB-irradiation. Here, we investigate the regulation of HA metabolism in human skin during acute UVB-induced inflammation. Expression of HA synthesizing (HAS) and degrading enzymes hyaluronidase (HYAL) as evaluated by quantitative reverse transcribed PCR in response to UVB differed when fibroblasts and HaCaT-keratinocytes, representative cell types in dermis and epidermis, respectively, were compared. Both demonstrated temporally different expression patterns of these genes 3- and 24-hours post-irradiation. This resulted 24-hours post-irradiation in an increase in HAS gene expression in both fibroblasts and HaCaT-keratinocytes, and an increase in HYAL expression only in fibroblasts. HA-production as analyzed by the HA content of conditioned medium was reduced in HaCaT and fibroblast cultures 3-hours post-irradiation, whereas HA increased in HaCaT-cultures 24-hours post-irradiation but remained suppressed in fibroblasts-cultures. Consistently, immunohistochemical staining for HA in human skin 24-hours post-irradiation demonstrated an increased epidermal HA, but a decrease in the dermal compartment. Moreover, analysis of the HA content of dermal microdialysis-fluid revealed increased accumulation of HA degradation products 24-hours post-irradiation. These data demonstrate that there is a complex temporal and spatial regulation of HA-metabolism in skin in response to UVB irradiation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center