Send to

Choose Destination
J Autoimmun. 1990 Dec;3(6):727-36.

Expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 and lymphocyte function-associated antigen-3 on human thyroid epithelial cells in Graves' and Hashimoto's diseases.

Author information

Charing Cross Sunley Research Centre, Hammersmith, London, UK.


Human endocrine thyroid epithelial cells (TEC) from autoimmune thyroiditis which express HLA Class II antigens have been shown to present autoantigens to T cells for a TEC-specific immune response. Since the initiation of a specific immune response also involves antigen-receptor independent interactions between accessory molecules, such as lymphocyte function-associated antigen-1 (LFA-1) with intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and lymphocyte function-associated antigen-3 (LFA-3) with CD2, it was of interest to determine whether TEC can express the adhesion molecules (ICAM-1 and LFA-3) which augment the efficiency of antigen presentation. Cultured TEC were studied for their expression of ICAM-1 and LFA-3 by immunofluorescence. Those derived from Graves' disease expressed these molecules after stimulation with recombinant human interferon-gamma (IFN gamma) or with recombinant human tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF alpha). However, using the same stimuli, TEC from non-toxic goitre were induced to express ICAM-1, but not LFA-3. To establish whether ICAM-1 and LFA-3 on TEC were expressed in vivo during the disease process, antibodies against these molecules were incubated with frozen sections of autoimmune thyroiditis, including Graves' and Hashimoto's diseases, and non-toxic goitre. Both ICAM-1 and LFA-3 were highly expressed in the autoimmune diseases, but not in non-toxic goitre. These findings establish that TEC are able to express adhesion molecules and suggest the possible involvement of these adhesion molecules in the TEC-specific immune response in autoimmune thyroiditis.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center