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Theor Appl Genet. 2007 Jan;114(2):333-9. Epub 2006 Nov 2.

Inheritance of organelle DNA markers in a pea cross associated with nuclear-cytoplasmic incompatibility.

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Institute of Cytology and Genetics, Acad. Lavrentiev ave. 10, Novosibirsk, 630090, Russia.


An unusual biparental mode of plastid inheritance was found in pea, in a cross associated with nuclear-cytoplasmic incompatibility manifested as deficiency of chlorophyll pigmentation. Plastid DNA marker trnK and mitochondrial DNA marker cox1 were analyzed in F1 progeny that received cytoplasm from an accession of a wild subspecies Pisum sativum ssp. elatius. Plants with sectors of green tissue on leaves and seed cotyledons with green patches on an otherwise chlorotic background were found to carry paternally inherited plastid DNA, suggesting that photosynthetic function was affected by nuclear-cytoplasmic conflict and required proliferation of paternally inherited plastids for normal performance. The paternally inherited plastid DNA marker was also observed in the roots. The presence of the paternal marker in cotyledons, roots and leaves was independent of each other. Inheritance of the mitochondrial DNA marker cox1 appeared to be of the maternal type.

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