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Immunol Lett. 1990 Dec;26(3):217-20.

Fluoride: an adjuvant for mucosal and systemic immunity.

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Department of Microbiology, University of Iowa, Iowa City 52242.


Fluoride, the agent responsible for reduction of dental caries worldwide, and a recognized proliferative agent, is a potent adjuvant when given intragastrically to rats. Intragastric fluoride causes increases in the size and cellularity of the Peyer's patches and mesenteric lymph nodes as well as the number of plasma cells secreting IgG and IgA antibodies to ovalbumin given in their drinking water. Rats ingesting NaF and fed OA showed a significant increase in surface immunoglobulin expression on lymphocytes from the Peyer's patches and mesenteric lymph nodes. The frequency of CD4+ T cells in these lymphoid tissues was elevated while that of CD8+ T cells was significantly decreased. In separate experiments, rats parenterally immunized with myelin basic protein (MBP) and fed NaF twice weekly, had significantly elevated serum IgG antibody activity to MBP compared to similarly immunized rats not receiving NaF. The supplemental fluoride prescribed for infants and especially that which is inadvertently ingested by children and adults given fluoride gels, is within the concentration range of that which produced the effects we observed in rats. The adjuvant effect we describe thus has relevance for fluoride therapy worldwide.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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