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Am J Public Health. 2006 Dec;96(12):2246-53. Epub 2006 Oct 31.

Telephone outreach to increase colorectal cancer screening in an urban minority population.

Author information

1
Department of Health and Behavior Studies, Teachers College, Columbia University, New York, NY 10027, USA. ceb35@columbia.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We compared the effectiveness of a telephone outreach approach versus a direct mail approach in improving rates of colorectal cancer (CRC) screening in a predominantly Black population.

METHODS:

A randomized trial was conducted between 2000 and 2003 that followed 456 participants in the New York metropolitan area who had not had recent CRC screening. The intervention group received tailored telephone outreach, and the control group received mailed printed materials. The primary outcome was medically documented CRC screening 6 months or less after randomization.

RESULTS:

CRC screening was documented in 61 of 226 (27.0%) intervention participants and in 14 of 230 (6.1%) controls (prevalence rate difference=20.9%; 95% CI = 14.34, 27.46). Compared with the control group, the intervention group was 4.4 times more likely to receive CRC screening within 6 months of randomization.

CONCLUSIONS:

Tailored telephone outreach can increase CRC screening in an urban minority population.

PMID:
17077394
PMCID:
PMC1698159
DOI:
10.2105/AJPH.2005.067223
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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