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Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2006 Dec;19(6):544-50.

New agents for Staphylococcus aureus endocarditis.

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1
Tufts-New England Medical Center, Tufts University, Boston, Massachusetts 02111, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

The increasing prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) as well as newly discovered S. aureus strains with reduced susceptibility to vancomycin mandates development of new antistaphylococcal agents. This review summarizes currently available and forthcoming antimicrobials for treatment of S. aureus endocarditis.

RECENT FINDINGS:

No new antimicrobial has been proven superior to antistaphylococcal penicillins for treatment of methicillin-sensitive S. aureus (MSSA) endocarditis. Vancomycin has become standard treatment for MRSA but poor outcomes have been reported, both with susceptible and intermediately resistant S. aureus strains (VISA). Linezolid has successfully treated individual cases of MRSA endocarditis, but limitations include long-term safety. Daptomycin has recently been proven effective and well tolerated for MSSA and MRSA bacteremia, including right-sided endocarditis. New glycopeptides, including dalbavancin and telavancin, as well as the new cephalosporin ceftobiprole, have not yet been studied for treatment of endocarditis but appear active against MRSA and potentially VISA.

SUMMARY:

Antistaphylococcal penicillins remain the treatment of choice for MSSA. Of the currently available newer agents, daptomycin appears to have the most rapid bactericidal activity and provides a much-needed alternative to vancomycin for treatment of MRSA or MSSA bacteremia and right-sided endocarditis.

PMID:
17075329
DOI:
10.1097/QCO.0b013e328010683e
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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