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World J Gastroenterol. 2006 Oct 21;12(39):6361-5.

Inducible nitric oxide synthase polymorphism is associated with the increased risk of differentiated gastric cancer in a Japanese population.

Author information

1
Department of Preventive Medicine/Biostatistics and Medical Decision Making, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumaicho, Showa-ku, Nagoya 466-8550, Japan. ey-goto@med.nagoya-u.ac.jp

Abstract

AIM:

To examine the association of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) C150T polymorphism with gastric cancer, as well as with gastric atrophy and H pylori seropositivity.

METHODS:

A single nucleotide polymorphism of iNOS C150T was examined for 454 Japanese health checkup examinees (126 males and 328 females) aged 35 to 85 years without a history of cancer and 202 gastric cancer patients (134 males and 68 females) aged 33 to 94 years with pathologically confirmed diagnosis of gastric adenocarcinoma.

RESULTS:

The iNOS C150T polymorphism was not associated with gastric atrophy or with H pylori seropositivity. The odds ratio (OR) of the C/T + T/T for gastric cancer was increased without statistical significance (OR = 1.19, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.68-2.08). In the differentiated subgroup (n = 113), however, the OR of the C/T genotype for gastric cancer was significant (OR = 2.02, 95% CI: 1.04-3.92) relative to the C/C genotype. In addition, considering the location of gastric cancer (n = 105), there were significant differences between the controls and non-cardia group with the OR of 2.13 (95% CI: 1.08-4.18) for C/T and 1.94 (95% CI: 1.00-3.78) for C/T + T/T.

CONCLUSION:

The iNOS C150T polymorphism is associated with the risk of H pylori-related gastric cancer in a Japanese population. This polymorphism may play an important role in increasing the risk of gastric cancer in Asian countires with the highest rates of gastric cancer.

PMID:
17072962
PMCID:
PMC4088147
DOI:
10.3748/wjg.v12.i39.6361
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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