Send to

Choose Destination
Oncogene. 2006 Oct 30;25(51):6887-99.

Inhibitors of NF-kappaB signaling: 785 and counting.

Author information

Biology Department, Boston University, Boston, MA 02215, USA.


Nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB) transcription factors regulate several important physiological processes, including inflammation and immune responses, cell growth, apoptosis, and the expression of certain viral genes. Therefore, the NF-kappaB signaling pathway has also provided a focus for pharmacological intervention, primarily in situations of chronic inflammation or in cancer, where the pathway is often constitutively active and plays a key role in the disease. Now that many of the molecular details of the NF-kappaB pathway are known, it is clear that modulators of this pathway can act at several levels. As described herein, over 750 inhibitors of the NF-kappaB pathway have been identified, including a variety of natural and synthetic molecules. These compounds include antioxidants, peptides, small RNA/DNA, microbial and viral proteins, small molecules, and engineered dominant-negative or constitutively active polypeptides. Several of these molecules act as general inhibitors of NF-kappaB induction, whereas others inhibit specific pathways of induction. In addition, some compounds appear to target multiple steps in the NF-kappaB pathway. Compounds designed as specific NF-kappaB inhibitors are not yet in clinical use, but they are likely to be developed as treatments for certain cancers and neurodegenerative and inflammatory diseases. Moreover, the therapeutic and preventative effects of many natural products may, at least in part, be due to their ability to inhibit NF-kappaB.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group
Loading ...
Support Center