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Fungal Genet Biol. 2007 Jun;44(6):531-42. Epub 2006 Oct 30.

Characterization of Yarrowia lipolytica mutants affected in hydrophobic substrate utilization.

Author information

1
Laboratoire de Microbiologie et de Génétique Moléculaire, UMR2585-INRA-CNRS-INAP-G, INRA Centre de Grignon, BP 01, F-78850 Thiverval-Grignon, France.

Abstract

In order to get deeper insights into oxidative degradation of the hydrophobic substrates (HS) triglycerides and alkanes by yeasts, tagged mutants affected in these pathways were generated by random insertion of a mutagenesis cassette MTC into the genome of Yarrowia lipolytica. About 9.600 Ura+ transformants were screened in plate tests for utilization of alkanes (C10, C16), oleic acid and tributyrin. HS degradation mutants were recovered as unable to grow on alkane or on intermediates of the pathway (AlkA-AlkE phenotype classes). To identify the disrupted genes, insertion points of the MTC were sequenced using convergent and divergent PCR. Sequence analysis evidenced both known and new genes required for HS utilization, e.g. for AlkD/E mutants MTC insertion had occurred in genes of thioredoxin reductase, peroxines PEX14 and PEX20, succinate-fumarate carrier SFC1, and isocitrate lyase ICL1. Several mutants were affected in alkane utilization depending on chain length. Mutant Z110 (AlkAb: C10- C16+) was shown to be disrupted for ANT1 encoding a peroxisomal membrane localized adenine nucleotide transporter protein, providing ATP for the activation of short-chain fatty acids by acyl-CoA synthetase II in peroxisomes. Mutants N046 and B095 (AlkAc: C10+ C16-) were disrupted for the ABC transporter encoded by ABC1 gene, thus providing first evidence for its participation in chain length dependent alkane transport processes.

PMID:
17071118
DOI:
10.1016/j.fgb.2006.09.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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