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J Urol. 2006 Nov;176(5):2255-61.

Antitumor effects of aminobisphosphonates on renal cell carcinoma cell lines.

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Department of Oncology, St. George's, University of London and Targeted Therapy Laboratory, London, United Kingdom.



Bisphosphonates are established as a supportive therapy for a number of malignancies that metastasize to bone. Previous reports have also suggested potent antitumor and anti-angiogenic properties. We investigated the in vitro activity of the 2 aminobisphosphonates pamidronate (Faulding Pharmaceuticals, Paramus, New Jersey) and zoledronic acid (Novartis, Basel, Switzerland) on the growth and survival of the 3 renal cell carcinoma cell lines Caki-2, 769-P (American Type Culture Collection, Manassas, Virginia) and D69581.


Cell lines were exposed to bisphosphonates in vitro and evaluated by MTS (3-(4,5-dimethylahiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium) assay and cell cycle analysis. Mechanisms of apoptotic cell death were investigated by ApoDIRECT assay (BioVision, Mountain View, California) and Kinetworks analysis.


Zoledronic acid was consistently more potent than pamidronate for inducing apoptotic cell death. Zoledronic acid was capable of overcoming resistance to pamidronate in 1 cell line. Although it was ultimately less potent, the inhibitory effects of pamidronate appeared earlier than those of zoledronic acid. The pro-apoptotic effect of zoledronic acid was achieved through nonmitochondrial pathways and it was associated with the activation of caspase 6 and 3, and poly adenosine diphosphate-ribosyltransferase polymerase cleavage. Furthermore, we observed a marked decrease in and intracellular distribution of MSH2, a protein involved in DNA mismatch repair, as well as evidence of a greater cellular response to zoledronic acid as increased expression of superoxide dismutase.


These findings add further support to the clinical use of aminobisphosphonates, particularly zoledronic acid, in patients with renal cell carcinoma with disease metastatic to bone.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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