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Scand J Surg. 2006;95(3):162-5.

Laparoscopic floppy Nissen fundoplication for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease is feasible as a day-case procedure.

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Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Vaasa Central Hospital, Vaasa, Finland.



We launched a prospective study to assess the feasibility of day-case laparoscopic fundoplication for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease in March 2003. The specific aims were to assess safety, acceptability and patient satisfaction.


The inclusion criteria were American Society of Anaesthesiologists grade I-II surgical risk, body mass index < 35, and adult company at home (less than 50 km travel) or at patient hotel (more than 50 km travel). Patients were informed about the surgical procedure, the expected postoperative course, and the possible postoperative problems and complications. Surgery was performed under general anaesthesia with proposal-infusion, fentanyl, rocuronium and sevoflurane with air + oxygen. All patients received parenteral propacetamol, NSAID, local anaesthetics and metoclopramide, as pre-emptive analgesia before awakening. A total 360 degree floppy Nissen fundoplication was performed in all patients.


Twenty-eight patients were included. There was one conversion to open surgery. All the other patients were discharged as planned and there were no readmissions. No intra- or postoperative complications occurred. Postoperative pain, nausea, fatigue and dysphagia were moderate. At interview the morning following the operation three patients reported they would rather have stayed over night at the hospital. However, all patients were ready for a similar procedure as day-case surgery again, if offered. At follow-up 26/28 (< 92.9%) patients were satisfied with the day-case treatment, one patient had no preference. All patients would recommend this operation as day-case surgery for a family member or friend.


Laparoscopic day-case surgery for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease appears to be safe and well tolerated by the patients.

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