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Oral Microbiol Immunol. 2006 Dec;21(6):366-71.

The effects of tetracycline, minocycline, doxycycline and ofloxacin on Prevotella intermedia biofilm.

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Oral Health Science Centre, Tokyo Dental College, Masago, Chiba, Japan.


Prevotella intermedia, a black-pigmented, anaerobic, gram-negative bacterium, is associated with various type of periodontitis. Antibiotic treatments via a systemic or local route have been reported as being useful for treating periodontal disease. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of four antibiotics, tetracycline (TET), minocycline (MINO), doxycycline (DOXY) and ofloxacin (OFLX) on P. intermedia biofilms at minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) from one-fold to 100-fold. MICs were determined for planktonic cells. Biofilm formation was determined with the crystal violet stain method and the bioactivities in the biofilms were determined with the adenosine triphosphate (ATP) -bioluminescent assay using a 96-well culture plate. At one-fold MIC, DOXY inhibited biofilm formation by P. intermedia ATCC 25611. Other antibiotics at one-fold MIC had no effects on the biofilm formation of tested bacterial strains. In P. intermedia ATCC 25611 biofilms, all the antibiotics tested showed inhibitory activities at five- to 100-fold MICs. In the biofilms of P. intermedia strains, except ATCC 25611, treated with three tetracycline antibiotics, the bioactivities were significantly increased, indicating the difficulties involved in designing antibiotic therapy for periodontal disease.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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