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Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital. 2006 Jun;26(3):154-61.

Child mortality due to suffocation in Europe (1980-1995): a review of official data.

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Dept. Statistic G. Parenti, University of Florence, Italy.


This report outlines the current status of the official statistical data available concerning mortality rates for suffocation in children <15 years of age, stratified according to sex and country in Europe, in the years 1980-1995. The data source is the WHO Mortality Database, which comprises deaths registered in national vital registration systems, with underlying cause of death as coded by the relevant national authority. To assess the impact of the problem of suffocation, the total potential years of life lost have been calculated. In addition, for Italy, and for the years 1999-2000, data related to deaths and hospitalizations for foreign body in the pharynx and larynx are presented. In Italy, in the years 1999-2000, the ratio between the number of hospitalizations and the mortality rates is approximately one death every 10 hospitalizations (x 100,000). The European mortality rate exceeds nearly one death per 100,000 persons. No evidence of any geographical pattern or cyclic trend emerged from the analysis of this official data.

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