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Audiol Neurootol. 2006;11 Suppl 1:57-62. Epub 2006 Oct 6.

Combined electroacoustic stimulation in conventional candidates for cochlear implantation.

Author information

1
CHU Purpan, Toulouse, France. chris.j.james@wanadoo.fr

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To report on combined ipsilateral electrical and acoustic stimulation in a subset of conventional candidates for cochlear implantation where preoperative pure tone thresholds were </=60 dB HL for 250 and 500 Hz.

METHODS:

Subjects were 10 adults implanted with the Nucleus 24 Contour Advance perimodiolar electrode array. Soft surgical procedures were strictly observed: </=1.5-mm cochleostomy hole placed anterior and inferior to the round window, a Healon bubble placed over the opening to prevent entry of foreign bodies, and no suction applied. The electrode array was inserted 17 mm to the first marker rib using the recommended 'advance-off-stylet' technique. Pure tone hearing threshold levels were recorded pre-, and postoperatively at 1-2 and 6-12 months. Speech recognition was tested for cochlear implant (CI) alone and combined with ipsilateral hearing aid for 7 subjects who retained significant residual hearing in the implanted ear at 1-2 months after operation.

RESULTS:

There were 3/10 cases where 1-2 months after operation low-frequency responses were considered vibrotactile only (>85-110 dB HL, 250-500 Hz). In the remaining 7 cases, residual hearing was maintained up to at least 6 months after operation with minor changes. Insertion depth angles in these cases ranged from 285 to 420 degrees . For these subjects, the mean preoperative score for words presented at 65 dB SPL was 22%. Mean postoperative scores were 56% for CI alone, and 68% for CI plus ipsilateral hearing aid (p < 0.05, paired t). For sentences presented in multitalker babble noise at 5 dB SNR, mean scores were 61% CI alone, and 75% CI+IpsiHA (p < 0.01, paired t).

CONCLUSIONS:

Hearing was conserved during surgery and over time in 70% of conventional candidates implanted with the Nucleus 24 Contour Advance CI who had significant levels of preoperative low-frequency residual hearing (</=60 dB HL). These conventional candidates for CI also benefited from improved speech recognition in noise when using combined ipsilateral electrical and acoustic stimulation.

PMID:
17063012
DOI:
10.1159/000095615
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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