Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
BMJ. 2006 Nov 18;333(7577):1047. Epub 2006 Oct 24.

Screening strategies for chronic kidney disease in the general population: follow-up of cross sectional health survey.

Author information

1
Department of Cancer Research and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, 7006 Trondheim, Norway. stein.hallan@ntnu.no

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To find an effective screening strategy for detecting patients with chronic kidney disease and to describe the natural course of the disease.

DESIGN:

Eight year follow-up of a cross sectional health survey (the HUNT II study).

SETTING:

Nord-Trøndelag County, Norway

PARTICIPANTS:

65,604 people (70.6 % of all adults aged >or=20 in the county).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Incident end stage renal disease (ESRD) and cardiovascular mortality monitored by individual linkage to central registries.

RESULTS:

3069/65,604 (4.7%) people had chronic kidney disease (estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 ml/min/1.73 m(2)), so we would need to screen 20.6 people (95% confidence interval 20.0 to 21.2) to identify one case. Restriction of screening to those with hypertension, diabetes, or age >55 would identify 93.2% (92.4% to 94.0%) of patients with chronic kidney disease, with a number needed to screen of 8.7 (8.5 to 9.0). Restriction of screening according to guidelines of the United States kidney disease outcomes quality initiative (US KDOQI) gave similar results, but restriction according to the United Kingdom's chronic kidney disease guidelines detected only 60.9% (59.1% to 62.8%) of cases. Screening only people with previously known diabetes or hypertension detected 44.2% (42.7% to 45.7%) of all cases, with a number needed to screen of six. During the eight year follow-up only 38 of the 3069 people with chronic kidney disease progressed to end stage renal disease, and the risk was especially low in people without diabetes or hypertension, women, and those aged >or=70 or with a glomerular filtration rate 45-59 ml/min/1.73 m(2) at screening. In contrast, there was a high cardiovascular mortality: 3.5, 7.4, and 10.1 deaths per 100 person years among people with a glomerular filtration rate 45-59, 30-44, and <30 ml/min/1.73 m(2), respectively.

CONCLUSION:

Screening people with hypertension, diabetes mellitus, or age >55 was the most effective strategy to detect patients with chronic kidney disease, but the risk of end stage renal disease among those detected was low.

PMID:
17062598
PMCID:
PMC1647344
DOI:
10.1136/bmj.39001.657755.BE
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center