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J Refract Surg. 2006 Oct;22(8):764-71.

INTACS inserts using the femtosecond laser compared to the mechanical spreader in the treatment of keratoconus.

Author information

1
Cornea Genetic Eye Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, 444 S San Vicente Blvd, #1102, Los Angeles, CA 90048, USA. rabinowitzy@cshs.org

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To determine the efficacy of INTACS insertion using a femtosecond laser in the treatment of keratoconus and to compare it to the technique using a mechanical spreader.

METHODS:

INTACS were inserted in 10 eyes using the mechanical spreader to create the channels and subsequently on another 20 eyes using the femtosecond laser. Uncorrected (UCVA) and best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BSCVA), manifest refraction, and corneal topography were measured prior to surgery, at 6 months (femtosecond group), and 1 year (mechanical group). Pre- and postoperative data were analyzed to determine changes in the above parameters.

RESULTS:

Both groups showed significant reduction in average keratometry (K), spherical equivalent refraction, BSCVA, UCVA, surface regularity index (SRI), and surface asymmetry index (SAI). The laser group performed better in all parameters except change in SRI. Results of the laser versus the mechanical spreader were as follows: reduction in spherical equivalent refraction (3.98 vs 2.96), change in average K (2.91 vs 2.52), improvement in UCVA (4.13 vs 3.63), improvement in BSCVA (3.92 vs 1.63), change in SRI (0.37 vs 0.64), and change in SAI (1.00 vs 0.70). Statistical analysis, however, did not reveal any statistically significant differences between the two groups for any single parameter studied. The biggest improvement in the laser group versus the mechanical group was BSCVA (P=.09). Overall success, defined as contact lens or spectacles tolerance, was 85% in the laser group and 70% in the mechanical group.

CONCLUSIONS:

Inserting INTACS using the femtosecond laser to create the channels is as effective as using the mechanical spreader.

PMID:
17061713
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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