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J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2007 Mar;78(3):277-9. Epub 2006 Oct 23.

Abnormal breathing patterns in stroke: relationship with location of acute stroke lesion and prior cerebrovascular disease.

Author information

1
School of Nursing, Midwifery and Social Care, Napier University, Canaan Lane Campus, Edinburgh EH9 2TB, Scotland, UK. a.rowat@napier.ac.uk

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether central periodic breathing (CPB) is associated with acute involvement of any particular part of the brain, or the extent of total damage in patients with acute stroke.

METHODS:

CPB was identified using portable monitoring equipment in patients with stroke on admission. A neuroradiologist classified acute stroke lesions and prior cerebrovascular disease on brain images.

RESULTS:

Among 134 patients with acute stroke, those with CPB were more likely to have a large acute stroke lesion in a cerebral hemisphere (p = 0.01) and more mass effect (p = 0.03). There was no association between CPB and severe prior cerebrovascular disease on imaging (p = 0.76).

CONCLUSION:

CPB is related to the acute (not old) lesions, particularly large acute cerebral hemispheric lesions with mass effect. A relationship between lesions in any discrete brain location (unilateral or bilateral) and CPB could not be shown.

PMID:
17060339
PMCID:
PMC2117643
DOI:
10.1136/jnnp.2006.102228
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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