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Nurs Clin North Am. 2006 Dec;41(4):487-98, v.

Epidemiologic perspectives of risk for developing diabetes and diabetes complications.

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School of Nursing, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7460, USA.


The incidence and prevalence of diabetes is increasing worldwide. National recommendations for screening and diagnosis of diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia provide a basis for early detection, treatment, and intervention that may potentially decrease related complications, and personal and economic costs of the disease. Most important is that knowledge exists about who is at risk for diabetes by weight, family history of diabetes, ethnicity, and history of gestational diabetes that allows for the development and implementation of diabetes primary prevention programs. Multiple national health care providers, systems of care, and communities that can be used to guide such prevention, early screening, and disease detection and intervention programs aimed at decreasing the burden of diabetes.

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